JMDMA http://jmdma.ir/index.php/JMDMA <p>Journal of Modern Developments in Management and Accounting&nbsp; is published quarterly, has been capable of obtaining publication's permission by the permission number 6/1887 from the " <strong>Islamic Azad University</strong>"&nbsp;as a&nbsp;"<strong>Scientific Research Journal </strong>"</p> <hr> <p>Journal of Modern Developments in Management and Accounting (JMDMA) is a peer-reviewed, international scientific journal, free of charges and open access journal, which is published by Islamic Azad University, Maragheh Branch, Maragheh, Iran. The journal publishes original papers and reviews in English dealing with theoretical and applied research related to Manangements and Accounting.</p> <hr> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Print ISSN:&nbsp; 2676-4962<br></strong></p> <p><strong>Online ISSN: 2676-4970<br></strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Islamic Azad University, Maragheh Branch en-US JMDMA 2676-4970 PRECISION AND SENSITIVITY DIMENSIONS OF PROFIT AND BOARD OF DIRECTORS COMPENSATION (EVIDENCE FROM TEHRAN) http://jmdma.ir/index.php/JMDMA/article/view/44 <p><strong>Research aim</strong>: This research aims to investigate how the precision and sensitivity dimensions of profit affect the board of directors’ compensation. In this study, the precision indicators of profit namely earning management through accrual and manipulation activities in the form of increased profits, as well as conditional conservatism and the sensitivity indicators of profit namely earnings response coefficient and stock returns fluctuations were studied.</p> <p><strong>Design/ Methodology/Approach</strong>: The data related to the 121companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange for the period 2008 to 2017 were extracted and the combination regression model was used to test the hypothesis.</p> <p><strong>Research finding</strong>: The results showed that the abnormal accruals on compensation had a significant and positive effect that indicated the lack of sufficient attention to them. Manipulation activities in the form of increased profits and conditional conservatism had significant effect on board of directors’ compensation. The earnings response coefficients indicators, had a positive effect on board of directors’ compensation and returns fluctuations indicators had a negative effect on board of directors’ compensation.</p> <p><strong>Theoretical contribution/Originality</strong>: The novelty of this research is to introduce the precision and sensitivity dimensions of profit in board of directors’ compensation. Because if the compensation is not commensurate with board of directors actual performance not only will increase corporate value but also will be a means to transfer wealth. The important indicators in measuring performance in compensation plans is the precision and sensitivity of reported earnings.</p> <p><strong>Practitioner/Policy implication</strong>: One of the most important applications of this research is development of theoretical foundations associated with compensation Plans, as well as helping to improve the conclusion of compensation contracts to reduce the agency costs and maximize company value.</p> <p><strong>Research limitation/Implication</strong>: An important limitation of this study is the lack of access to information related to board of directors’ non-cash compensation.</p> Rahim Bonabighadim Sayed Ali Vaez Copyright (c) 2019 JMDMA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-11-28 2019-11-28 2 5 1 23 Examining the effect of corporate governance on the relationship between firm value of Firms Listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange http://jmdma.ir/index.php/JMDMA/article/view/45 <p>The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of corporate governance on the relationship between the firm value&nbsp; for the listed companies in Tehran Stock Exchange during period 2013-2018.&nbsp; The corporate governance mechanisms include board size, board composition, institutional ownership, financial knowledge of the board, CEO duality, state-ownership and managerial ownership. The population is composed of the firms listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange. Filtering technique is used to select the sample. Furthermore, the multivariate regression method, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and tree regression methods are used to test the hypotheses. The findings reveal that firm's value prediction is influenced by the two variables of managerial ownership and the non-executive members of the board. The findings of this research show that investors conceive earnings management negatively and earnings management has a negative effect on firm value. But in corporations with high-quality corporate governance this effect is reduced. In other words, corporate governance mechanisms has a positive effect on the relationship between firm value and earnings management and firms with a higher corporate governance score face a less negative effect from earnings management. Key words: Corporate governance, firm's value, institutional ownership, state-ownership, managerial ownership.</p> Hadi Rashedi Toraj Dargahi Copyright (c) 2019 JMDMA https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-12-05 2019-12-05 2 5 24 32